Histology Testbank: Nervous System 1

Instructions: For each histology question, pick the one best answer. This histology test bank is also useful for the histology questions on the USMLE (USMLE step 1). Click here for answers and detailed explanations.

What are the supporting cells in the central nervous system called?
a. Schwann cells
b. Basket cells
c. Ganglion
d. Neuroglia
e. Satellite cells

Which of the following is an element of the peripheral nervous system?
a. Receptors
b. Brachial plexus
c. Ganglia
d. Sciatic nerve
e. All of the above

What are most neurons in the body?
a. Unipolar
b. Pseudounipolar
c. Bipolar
d. Multipolar
e. Both a and b

What is the cell body of a neuron called?
a. Ganglion
b. Perikaryon
c. Astrocyte
d. Nissl
e. Terminal bouton

Which cell is a macrophage found in the central nervous system?
a. Kupffer cells
b. Histiocyte
c. Dust cell
d. Langerhans cell
e. Microglia

Which type of neuron is multipolar?
a. Motor neurons
b. Interneurons
c. Sensory neurons
d. Both a and b
e. All of the above

What provides tensile strength to a neuron?
a. Meninges
b. Myelinated nerve fibers
c. Cell bodies
d. Nodes of Ranvier
e. Neurofilaments

Which meninx is made of a delicate web like connective tissue?
a. Dura mater
b. Arachnoid
c. Pia mater
d. Both a and b
e. All of the above

What are the conglomerations of gray matter deep within the cerebrum and cerebellum
a. Tracts
b. Islets
c. Soma
d. Cortex
e. Nuclei

Which of the following is involved in the blood brain barrier?
a. Astrocytes
b. Ependymal cells
c. Oligodendrocytes
d. Microglia
e. Schwann cells

Click here for answers and detailed explanations.